Jumat, 25 Oktober 2013

Leviton Says "Hello World!"

Say hello the the leviton, everyone!

A new type of quasiparticle – dubbed the "leviton" – has been seen by
physicists in France and Switzerland. First predicted in 1996 by a team
led by Leonid Levitov, the phenomenon involves the excitation of as few
as one electron to create a wave that propagates coherently through a
metal. The ability to make levitons on demand could lead to the creation
of quantum-electronics circuits that involve sending single electrons
through tiny circuits. 

I tell ya, the 2D electron gas universe is just so rich, we will discover a whole lot more. We already have seen fractional quantum hall effect in such a system, and it may even exhibit signs of Luttinger liquid properties. So I will not be surprised if there are more to come.


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